This course research guide contains links to resources for History Women, Nazi Germany, and the Holocaust: Experiences and Memories. The most important books for the class that you are requested to read:. The following two books will provide you with a broader overview of the history of women in Modern Germany and the history of Nazi Germany:. Click on any one of the databases or journals. Try more than one Database! Can’t find the article, book, or report you need at our library? You can request it from another library through interlibrary loan. What is in this guide? Hagemann has compiled for you.
Last Nazi message decoded by Britain revealed to mark VE Day
Veterans Affairs officials are rejecting calls to remove gravestones bearing Nazi swastikas at a pair of federal veterans cemeteries, saying they have a duty to preserve the historic markers. Two Americans and a Canadian are suspected of planning to incite violence at a Virginia gun rights rally. Both were used to inter dozens of unclaimed remains of enemy troops following World War II.
Veteran Affairs officials in a statement said the headstones date back to the s. Army officials oversaw both cemeteries at the time and approved the inscriptions and inclusion of the swastika.
The information in the registry has been provided by AAMD’s members in furtherance of the Report of the AAMD Task Force on the Spoliation of Art during the Nazi.
January 30, – Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish population of , February 22, – 40, SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police. February 27, – Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere. February 28, – Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire.
April 1, – Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses. April 11, – Nazis issue a Decree defining a non-Aryan as “anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan May 10, – Burning of books in Berlin and throughout Germany. In July – Nazis pass law allowing for forced sterilization of those found by a Hereditary Health Court to have genetic defects.
September 29, – Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land. October 4, – Jews are prohibited from being newspaper editors. November 24, – Nazis pass a Law against Habitual and Dangerous Criminals, which allows beggars, the homeless, alcoholics and the unemployed to be sent to concentration camps. January 24, – Jews are banned from the German Labor Front. May 17, – Jews not allowed national health insurance.
Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party
He now had the opportunity to implement his racial ideology and worldview regarding Jews. At that time, Germany’s Jewish population numbered , out of a general population of 67 million. After the March 5 Reichstag elections, the new government removed the constraints on violence against Jews, and assaults on Jewish businesses and vicious beatings of Jews by Nazi thugs became commonplace.
She was a violent white supremacist. But an encounter in prison changed Angela King’s life forever.
Jump to navigation. Divisions over race in this country suggest that the American Civil War is not yet settled more than years after Appomattox. The Pacific Northwest has long been a sought-after enclave for people with extreme views and utopian, or dystopian, fantasies. Over the last months, there have been a number of demonstrations, protests, fights, a shooting at the University of Washington and other incidents. Last fall, for example, a Seattle man went out in public wearing a swastika armband, and was knocked cold by a man offended by it.
The swastika man was subsequently interviewed on KUOW-FM, during which he was allowed, anonymously, to tell his side of the story. Listeners were outraged that he was given such a public platform to air his views. The far right has been active for decades, but according to Neiwert, has been boosted by a number of recent factors. One was the election of our first black president, Barack Obama, in , which energized and reawakened racial animus among many whites.
The far right has always required an alternative universe in which to thrive, one that sees conspiracies and threats everywhere. This tactic was previously tried by the American right wing and pro-Nazi groups in the s. They claimed that Herbert Hoover was not a citizen, and Franklin D. Roosevelt was Jewish. His embrace of white nationalism and his appointment of its avatars to White House posts, has sent more than a dog whistle to extremists like neo-Nazis, anti-immigration activists and the Ku Klux Klan.
Hitler takes a tour of Paris
A welder from Edmonton. A graduate student in Toronto. A non-profit worker in Vancouver.
Decades after the war, a group of prosecutors and historians discovered the truth about a mysterious SS training camp in occupied Poland.
The Registry of Resolution of Claims for Nazi-Era Cultural Assets provides information on the resolution of formal claims made to AAMD member museums regarding works of art believed to have been stolen by the Nazis between The registry lists objects restituted and settlements made since June 4, , the date the report was adopted. This registry does not provide services for filing a claim. For information on this subject, see below. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
In , AAMD convened a task force to draft guidelines on how its members should handle art looted by the Nazis and not previously restituted. The guidelines, published in June , formed the basis of the Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art drafted by the Washington Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets, the first comprehensive conference to address assets stolen by the Nazis. The AAMD also worked closely with the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States to develop guidelines and mechanisms for the identification of works looted by the Nazis and the restitution of those works to the original owners or heirs.
Since the website was established September 8, , more than 28, objects have been posted by U. AAMD member museums also have posted information on their websites regarding works in their collections that changed hands during the Nazi regime. To pursue a possible claim for a work of art with Nazi-era provenance, visit The Art Loss Register, the largest private database of claims for missing art works. Finally, there are a number of websites in Europe which list missing objects taken from European nations or their citizens from the WWII era, or list found objects for which claimants have not been identified.
The B’nai B’rith encounters Nazi Germany, 1933
The graffiti, which was discovered on the wall at the entrance to the Centre for Remembrance on Friday, has now been covered by a tarpaulin by officials in Oradour-Sur-Glane. All will be done to find and judge those who committed these sacrilegious acts. While a new village has been built, the ruins of the old town have been left untouched as a testimony to Nazi horrors.
The killings were believed to have been ordered in retaliation for the kidnapping of a German soldier by the French Resistance. In the UK, the number of anti-semitic hate incidents recorded last year hit record levels for the fourth year in a row. The Community Security Trust, a Jewish advisory body which revealed the high levels of antisemitic incidents earlier in the year, said there had been 1, incidents in , which is an increase of seven per cent.
The year-old’s case could be the last of its kind, as Germany races for justice.
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While hating people who don’t look like you has always existed, certainly seems like it was the comeback special for racism. The Trump election, the rise of the so-called alt-right, fake news, and glowing profiles of white nationalists have all emboldened the worst people in our society to once again be proud of their shitty views. Much like what Pulp Fiction did with John Travolta in the early 90s, has thrust white nationalism back to the forefront of our collective psyche, forcing our society to—again, much like Travolta—stare continuously into its insane, twinkling, dead eyes.
Thankfully, the movement seems to be, at least at this moment, contained mostly to screeching Twitter eggs and anonymous forum posters who rarely meet up in real life. The thought of the human side of this cyber hatred is a scary one, right? And it raises a massive questions.
Reuters Skien (Norway) (AFP) – The Norwegian state, found guilty of treating mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik “inhumanely” in prison.
I n September — a few months after exiling himself forever from his German home in Berlin where he had lived since — Albert Einstein found himself unexpectedly dwelling alone in a thatched wooden holiday hut located in a wild rural area of Norfolk in eastern England, close to the sea near the coastal town of Cromer. He was far from being on holiday, however. The hut was a secret refuge to avoid a rumored attempt at assassination by agents acting for the Nazi regime in Germany; Einstein was guarded with guns by a small group of local English people, led by a Conservative member of parliament who was also a decorated veteran of the First World War.
Soon Einstein was widely thought to be public enemy number one of the Nazis. He was given round-the-clock police protection by the Belgian royal family. Then, on Aug. Within days, press reports appeared suggesting that Einstein was next in line, and mentioning a hefty financial reward placed on his head. Even so, Einstein shrugged his shoulders.
He discreetly departed from Belgium, took a boat across the English Channel and headed for London. But instead of going from London to his familiar berth in a historic Oxford college, he was soon settled in the depths of the English countryside. There, in the holiday hut on Roughton Heath near Cromer, Einstein lived and toiled peacefully at mathematics — the unified field theory, based on his general theory of relativity, which would occupy him until his dying day — while occasionally stepping out for local walks or to play his violin.
He had no library, of course, but this mattered relatively little to Einstein, who had long relied chiefly on his own thoughts and calculations; all he really missed was his faithful calculating assistant, who had stayed behind in Belgium. In early October, he emerged from hiding to speak at a meeting in London intended to raise funds for desperate academic refugees from Germany.
‘I Shall Never Forget the Kindness.’ How England Helped Albert Einstein Escape Nazi Germany
Under Hitler, the Nazi Party grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany as a totalitarian state from to Born on April 20, , in Braunau am Inn, Austria, he was a poor student and never graduated from high school. During World War I , he joined a Bavarian regiment of the German army and was considered a brave soldier; however, his commanders felt he lacked leadership potential and never promoted him beyond corporal.
Founded earlier that same year by a small group of men including locksmith Anton Drexler and journalist Karl Harrer, the party promoted German pride and anti-Semitism, and expressed dissatisfaction with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles , the peace settlement that ended the war and required Germany to make numerous concessions and reparations. In , Hitler and his followers staged the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, a failed takeover of the government in Bavaria, a state in southern Germany.
Landecker was half Jewish and terrified of deportation. Her new boss, Albert Reimann Jr., was an early disciple of Adolf Hitler and described.
Subscriber Account active since. Reuters Skien Norway AFP – The Norwegian state, found guilty of treating mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik “inhumanely” in prison, said Wednesday his limited contact with the outside world was necessary because he is trying to spread his ideology from prison, including in dating adverts. On the second day of an appeals case into Breivik’s prison conditions, Attorney General Fredrik Sejersted told the court the right-wing extremist, who killed 77 people in twin attacks in , was following the script outlined in his 1,page anti-immigration manifesto he published just before his killing spree.
The year-old has considered the possibility of using “national-socialist dating adverts” as a means of spreading his ideology, since their content is protected under the European Court of Human Rights, Breivik noted in a letter read, like all of his correspondence, by prison officials. Paradoxically, there is no other type of text that is as protected as the publication of a dating advert,” Breivik wrote.
The appeals court is examining Breivik’s case after a lower court in Oslo ruled in April that his rights had been violated and he was subjected to “inhumane” and “degrading” treatment in prison, largely because he has been isolated from other inmates for five-and-a-half years. For security reasons, the appeals case is being heard in the gymnasium of the Skien prison where Breivik is incarcerated. In his preliminary remarks, Sejersted has argued that the strict prison conditions imposed on Breivik are justified by the danger he poses and the need to prevent him from building a network capable of carrying out new attacks.
In July , Breivik gunned down 69 people, most of them teenagers, at a Labour Party youth camp on the island of Utoya, shortly after he killed eight people in a bombing outside a government building in Oslo. He was sentenced in to 21 years in prison, which can be extended indefinitely as long as he is considered a threat. Business Insider logo The words “Business Insider”. Close icon Two crossed lines that form an ‘X’. It indicates a way to close an interaction, or dismiss a notification.
Map of hate: Publication pinpoints Canadian users of neo-Nazi site Iron March
Slogans denying the massacre and the word “menteur” or “liar” had also been added to the sign.
14 words and the 8th letter of the alphabet. Combined this creates a powerful symbol for white supremacists. Find out the true meaning of these numbers.
O n December 16, , Tanya Gersh answered her phone and heard gunshots. Startled, she hung up. Gersh, a real-estate agent who lives in Whitefish, Montana, assumed it was a prank call. But the phone rang again. More gunshots. Again, she hung up. Another call. To hear more feature stories, see our full list or get the Audm iPhone app. When Gersh put down the phone, her hands were shaking.
But Gersh had lived in Whitefish for more than 20 years, since just after college, and had always considered the scenic ski town an idyllic place.